With billions of computers in existence, cyberspace, ‘the virtual world created when they are connected,’ is said to be the new medium of power. Computer hackers operating from anywhere can enter cyberspace and take control of other people’s computers, stealing their information, corrupting their workings, and shutting them down. Modern societies and militaries, both pervaded by computers, are supposedly at risk. As Conquest in Cyberspace explains, however, information systems and information itself are too easily conflated, and persistent mastery over the former is difficult to achieve.
When the prevailing system of governing divides the planet into mutually exclusive territorial monopolies of force, what institutions can govern the Internet, with its transnational scope, boundless scale, and distributed control? Given filtering-censorship by states and concerns over national cyber-security, it is often assumed that the Internet will inevitably be subordinated to the traditional system of nation-states. In Networks and States, Milton Mueller counters this, showing how Internet governance poses novel and fascinating governance issues that give rise to a global politics and new transnational institutions. Drawing on theories of networked governance, Mueller provides a broad overview of Internet governance from the formation of ICANN to the clash at the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS), the formation of the Internet Governance Forum, the global assault on peer-to-peer file sharing and the rise of national-level Internet control and security concerns.
Mueller identifies four areas of conflict and coordination that are generating a global politics of Internet governance: intellectual property, cyber-security, content regulation, and the control of critical Internet resources (domain names and IP addresses). He investigates how recent theories about networked governance and peer production can be applied to the Internet, offers case studies that illustrate the Internet’s unique governance problems, and charts the historical evolution of global Internet governance institutions, including the formation of a transnational policy network around the WSIS.
Internet governance has become a source of conflict in international relations. Networks and States explores the important role that emerging transnational institutions could play in fostering global governance of communication-information policy.
In recent years, the nature of conflict has changed. Through asymmetric warfare radical groups and weak state actors are using unexpected means to deal stunning blows to more powerful opponents in the West. From terrorism to information warfare, the Wests air power, sea power and land power are open to attack from clever, but much weaker, enemies.
In this clear and engaging introduction, Rod Thornton unpacks the meaning and significance of asymmetric warfare, in both civilian and military realms, and examines why it has become such an important subject for study. He seeks to provide answers to key questions, such as how weaker opponents apply asymmetric techniques against the Western world, and shows how the Wests military superiority can be seriously undermined by asymmetric threats. The book concludes by looking at the ways in which the US, the state most vulnerable to asymmetric attack, is attempting to cope with some new battlefield realities.
This is an indispensable guide to one of the key topics in security studies today.
Are our networked societies really vulnerable, as some have suggested, to a knock-out blow, perpetrated by state-sponsored hackers or terrorists? And what can be done to defend the state from this and from the encroachment of external networks that transcend its borders and breach its laws?
This Adelphi tackles the range of issues raised by our dependence on digital networks. It considers how instantaneous, global communications are challenging national and social orders and what shape those challenges may take as the net is cast ever wider. Comparing the transformations of the Information Age with those of previous generations, when new technologies and emerging transnational threats spread panic in political and strategic circles, the authors examine the real implications for states and statehood. Read more
‘In the cyber domain, policy has fallen far behind technology and operational art. By providing a conceptual framework for looking at what power is in the cyber domain and how it is exercised, this book offers policy-makers valuable guidance in how to think about a major security issue.’ Michael Hayden, Director of the CIA, 2006–09
‘Cyberspace offers a wealth of threats, benefits and opportunities for governments, business and the citizen. This book provides a stimulating contribution to the policy debate around cyber.’ Iain Lobban CB, Director, GCHQ (Government Communications Headquarters)
Aos poucos, para enfrentar as necessidades de um mundo globalizado e tomado por redes de informação, o Estado brasileiro viu-se diante de uma série de fatores, em sua própria estrutura, que levou o país a criar uma estratégia, abrigando um modelo de articulação envolvendo todos os órgãos públicos em uma rede complexa, extensiva e intensiva. No livro, o autor comenta os principais passos que levaram o Estado brasileiro a acompanhar o que ocorre no espaço cibernético no país. Com uma linguagem acessível e informações preciosas e didáticas, o autor explica a evolução deste acompanhamento, partindo da sua percepção de que segurança e defesa do espaço cibernético brasileiro, até pouco tempo, não tinha um conjunto de ações e estratégias que validasse o compromisso do país com essa nova etapa de segurança das nações. O livro traz ainda as motivações de cada hacker e os mais diversos tipos de denominações para pessoas que se dedicam, de uma maneira ou de outra, a invadir soberanias institucionais. Raphael Mandarino é um dos primeiros pensadores brasileiros sobre o tema. A análise que desenvolveu neste livro é resultado de anos à frente de atividades que levaram o Brasil a ter um programa estratégico de segurança cibernética. Todo o esforço é para que as iniciativas de segurança da informação sejam uma ação integrada e não isolada.