Is There a Common Understanding of What Constitutes Cyber Warfare?

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This research paper applies a qualitative grounded theory analysis to delineate a common understanding of the constitution of cyber warfare from twelve media, institutional, educational, governmental and military sources. Partly motivating this is the need to address the confusion between cyber warfare and what is termed ‘Information Warfare’, a broad discipline encompassing all military information operations. Another motivation is the hypothesis that agreement on the constitution, danger and potential of cyber warfare is unsubstantial or vague, that cyber warfare is a misunderstood or neglected concept, and perhaps even suffers from hyperbole and misrepresentation. Though there is a high public awareness of cyber war, there is little attempt to define the concept in existing literature. This paper unpacks the scope, danger and timescale of cyber warfare according to existing texts, and lays the foundation for an analytical framework of patterned and coherent research.

netwars – The Code 3 (Chinese): Thriller (netwars – A Cyber Crime Series (Chinese)) (Chinese Edition)

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netwars: The Code. Episode 3 of 6.

– Hackers. Cyber warfare. Terrorism. Forget Edward Snowden and the NSA. Do you really know who's monitoring your data?
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The Wisdom of Crowds

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In this fascinating book, New Yorker business columnist James Surowiecki explores a deceptively simple idea: Large groups of people are smarter than an elite few, no matter how brilliant–better at solving problems, fostering innovation, coming to wise decisions, even predicting the future.

With boundless erudition and in delightfully clear prose, Surowiecki ranges across fields as diverse as popular culture, psychology, ant biology, behavioral economics, artificial intelligence, military history, and politics to show how this simple idea offers important lessons for how we live our lives, select our leaders, run our companies, and think about our world.
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Capability of the People’s Republic of China to Conduct Cyber Warfare and Computer Network Exploitation

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The government of the People's Republic of China (PRC) is a decade into a sweeping military modernization program that has fundamentally transformed its ability to fight high tech wars. The Chinese military, using increasingly networked forces capable of communicating across service arms and among all echelons of command, is pushing beyond its traditional missions focused on Taiwan and toward a more regional defense posture. This modernization effort, known as
informationization, is guided by the doctrine of fighting "Local War Under
Informationized Conditions," which refers to the PLA's ongoing effort to develop a fully networked architecture capable of coordinating military operations on land, in air, at sea, in space and across the electromagnetic spectrum.

China is likely using its maturing computer network exploitation capability to support intelligence collection against the US Government and industry by conducting a long term, sophisticated, computer network exploitation campaign. The problem is characterized by disciplined, standardized operations, sophisticated techniques, access to high-end software development resources, a deep knowledge of the targeted networks, and an ability to sustain activities inside targeted networks, sometimes over a period of months.
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CRYPTOCURRENCY: STEP BY STEP GUIDE ON HOW TO MAKE MONEY USING CRYPTOCURRENCY TODAY (Blockchain, Millionaire, Bitcoin, Cryptocurrency, Money, Etherum, … ETH, Money, Ethereum Investing, Altcoin)

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Congratulations on wanting to get into Cryptocurrency

In this book you will learn:The history of cryptocurrency…what is it? where did it come from?The advantages of cryptocurrencyThe cons of cryptocurrencyThe different types of cryptocurrency and what they are used for (Bitcoins, Litecoins, Ripple, etc)How to make money using cryptocurrencyAnd much more…
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