A Battle in Bits and Bytes: Computer Network Attacks – The Law of Armed Conflict

A Battle in Bits and Bytes: Computer Network Attacks and the Law of Armed Conflict (The Erik Castrén Research Reports, 27/2009)

Technology is an essential part of society in the Information Age. Warfare has always had a technological dimension. In the era of information and the interconnected world, the critical infrastructure of nations has become increasingly reliant upon computer networks: by using the methods of computer network attacks many critical functions of a State could be damaged. This has raised a discussion related to States' national and economic security concerning a new battlefield, warfare in cyberspace.

This report surveys one new facet of technology: computer network attacks, from the framework of the law of armed conflict by asking if the existing law of armed conflict, the main parts of which have their origins in the legacies of two World Wars, applies to computer network attacks. Moreover, the report addresses the questions of the perpetrators of the computer network attacks in the context of the law of armed conflict, what targets can be attacked with the means and methods of computer network attacks and how these attacks should be conducted under the laws of armed conflict.

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Wireshark & Ethereal Network Protocol Analyzer Toolkit Jay Beale Source Security

Wireshark & Ethereal Network Protocol Analyzer Toolkit (Jay Beale's Open Source Security)Ethereal is the #2 most popular open source security tool used by system administrators and security professionals. This all new book builds on the success of Syngress' best-selling book Ethereal Packet Sniffing.

This book provides complete information and step-by-step Instructions for analyzing protocols and network traffic on Windows, Unix or Mac OS X networks. First, readers will learn about the types of sniffers available today and see the benefits of using Ethereal. Readers will then learn to install Ethereal in multiple environments including Windows, Unix and Mac OS X as well as building Ethereal from source and will also be guided through Ethereal's graphical user interface. The following sections will teach readers to use command-line options of Ethereal as well as using Tethereal to capture live packets from the wire or to read saved capture files. This section also details how to import and export files between Ethereal and WinDump, Snort, Snoop, Microsoft Network Monitor, and EtherPeek. The book then teaches the reader to master advanced tasks such as creating sub-trees, displaying bitfields in a graphical view, tracking requests and reply packet pairs as well as exclusive coverage of MATE, Ethereal's brand new configurable upper level analysis engine. The final section to the book teaches readers to enable Ethereal to read new Data sources, program their own protocol dissectors, and to create and customize Ethereal reports.

Ethereal is the #2 most popular open source security tool, according to a recent study conducted by insecure.org

Syngress' first Ethereal book has consistently been one of the best selling security books for the past 2 years

The companion Web site for the book provides readers with dozens of open source security tools and working scripts

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Dominance Over OmniDimensional Battlespace: Network Centric Warfare as Polemos

Dominance Over OmniDimensional Battlespace: Network Centric Warfare as PolemosThroughout the centuries much debate has been made over the practice of War, the procedures that create the circumstances which lead to its employment, and the questioning of its inevitability in the contemporary world. Traditional warfighting has changed in the 1990s due to the rapid development of ICTs, leading into a whole new generation of warfare. The military must adapt or fail. Exponential increases in the availability of information are leading to an era of cheap information available to anyone, anywhere and the emergence of Network Centric Operations. This will vastly change the nature of the battlespaces and the nature of war itself. This whole procedure goes under the name of “Force Transformation” and has as an utter goal the Dominance over the Full Spectrum of Operations. So, the question to ponder is “Can Transformation be managed and if yes, how?”

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FORCE MULTIPLIER FOR INTELLIGENCE: Collaborative Open Source Networks Report

FORCE MULTIPLIER FOR INTELLIGENCE: Collaborative Open Source Networks Report (Csis Report)As recent events demonstrate, the manifestations of Islamist extremism in Europe are manifold. They range from youngsters who reject both government and academic attempts at multiculturalism to radical imams who influence their congregations against their host countries to fundamentalist converts who believe the West is on a crusade to destroy Islam. Chat rooms on the Internet are used with powerful effect to proselytize, recruit, radicalize, fund raise, train, and plot acts of terrorism. In part to counter violent Islamist extremism, the U.S. National Intelligence Strategy seeks to: (1) develop innovative ways to penetrate and analyze the most difficult targets ; and (2) strengthen analytic expertise, methods, and practices; tap expertise wherever it resides; and explore alternative analytic views. Consequently, the director of national intelligence has given top priority to enhancing outreach to the myriad sources of expertise and open source information that can play a decisive role in countering threats such as terrorism. Over the past year, the CSIS Transnational Threats Project operated and tested a global Trusted Information Network (TIN) devoted to critical threat issues demonstrating that structured interaction with nongovernmental experts on the periphery can provide innovative, alternative analysis and perspectives. Islamist extremism in Europe was explored by the TIN s internationally recognized experts, even as daily events in Europe illustrated that al Qaeda inspired terrorists continue to proliferate among Muslim communities there. TIN members, in a collaborative online setting, contributed fresh information and perceptions about the extremists route to violence and their aspirations. This report reviews the workings of the CSIS network and demonstrates the contribution such a TIN can make as a force multiplier for intelligence in the information age.

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Networks and Netwars: The Future of Terror, Crime, and Militancy

Networks and Netwars: The Future of Terror, Crime, and MilitancyNetwar-like cyberwar-describes a new spectrum of conflict that is emerging in the wake of the information revolution. Netwar includes conflicts waged, on the one hand, by terrorists, criminals, gangs, and ethnic extremists; and by civil-society activists (such as cyber activists or WTO protestors) on the other. What distinguishes netwar is the networked organizational structure of its practitioners-with many groups actually being leaderless-and their quickness in coming together in swarming attacks. To confront this new type of conflict, it is crucial for governments, military, and law enforcement to begin networking themselves.




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