This sparkling Handbook offers an unrivalled resource for those engaged in the cutting edge field of social network analysis. Systematically, it introduces readers to the key concepts, substantive topics, central methods and prime debates. Among the specific areas covered are: o Network theory . o Interdisciplinary applications. o Online networks. o Corporate networks. o Lobbying networks. o Deviant networks. o Measuring devices. o Key Methodologies. o Software applications. The result is a peerless resource for teachers and students which offers a critical survey of the origins, basic issues and major debates. The Handbook provides a one-stop guide that will be used by readers for decades to come.
* At long last, proven short-cuts to mastering difficult aspects of computer programming
* Learn to program at a more advanced level than is generally taught in schools and training courses, and much more advanced than can be learned through individual study/experience.
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Computer programmers are often referred to as hackers — solitary problem solvers engrossed in a world of code as they seek elegant solutions to building better software. While many view these unique individuals as “madmen,” the truth is that much of the computer programmer’s job involves a healthy mix of arithmetic and logic. In Hacker’s Delight, veteran programmer Hank Warren shares the collected wisdom — namely tips and tricks — from his considerable experience in the world of application development. The resulting work is an irresistible collection that will help even the most seasoned programmers better their craft. Henry S. Warren Jr. has had a 40-year career with IBM, spanning the computer field from the IBM 704 to PowerPC. He has worked on various military command and control systems, and on the SETL project under Jack Schwartz at NYU. Since 1973 he has been in IBM’s Research Division at Yorktown Heights, New York. Here he has done compiler and computer architecture work on the 801 computer and its several variants through PowerPC. Presently he is working on the Blue Gene petaflop computer project. He received his Ph.D. in Computer Science from the Courant Institute at New York University in 1980.
Why buy a multi-billion-dollar satellite and go to extreme lengths to try to avoid governmental detection when you can just buy a bit of airtime and send one of several million messages going out at any given time?—from Bombs and Bandwidth
Information Technology (IT) has become central to the way governments, businesses, social movements and even terrorist and criminal organizations pursue their increasingly globalized objectives. With the emergence of the Internet and new digital technologies, traditional boundaries are increasingly irrelevant, and traditional concepts—from privacy to surveillance, vulnerability, and above all, security—need to be reconsidered. In the post-9/11 era of “homeland security,” the relationship between IT and security has acquired a new and pressing relevance. Bombs and Bandwidth, a project of the Social Science Research Council, assembles leading scholars in a range of disciplines to explore the new nature of IT-related threats, the new power structures emerging around IT, and the ethical and political implications arising from this complex and important field.
Contributors include: Ralf Bendrath, Michael Dartnell, Robert J. Deibert, Dorothy Denning, Chris Hables Gray, Rose Kadende-Kaiser, Susan Landau, Robert Latham, Timothy Lenoir, Martin Libicki, Carolyn Nordstrom, Rafal Rohozinski, Marc Rotenberg, Janice Gross Stein, Rachel Yould.
The Third Edition of this best-selling text has been fully revised and updated to include coverage of the many developments on social network analysis (SNA) over the last decade. Written in a clear and accessible style, the book introduces these topics to newcomers and non-specialists and gives sufficient detail for more advanced users of social network analysis. Throughout the book, key ideas are discussed in relation to the principal software programs available for SNA.
The book provides a comprehensive overview of the field, outlining both its theoretical basis and its key techniques. Drawing from the core ideas of points, lines and paths, John Scott builds a framework of network analysis that covers such measures as density, centrality, clustering, centralisation, and spatialisation. He identifies the various types of clique, component, and circle into which networks are formed, and he outlines an approach to socially structured positions within networks. A completely new chapter in this edition discusses recent work on network dynamics and methods for studying change over time. A final chapter discusses approaches to network visualisation.
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Some of the most important international security threats stem from terror groups, criminal enterprises, and other violent non-state actors (VNSAs). Because these groups are often structured as complex, dark networks, analysts have begun to use network science to study them. However, standard network tools were originally developed to examine companies, friendship groups, and other transparent networks. The inherently clandestine nature of dark networks dictates that conventional analytical tools do not always apply. Data on dark networks is incomplete, inaccurate, and often just difficult to find. Moreover, dark networks are often organized to undertake fundamentally different tasks than transparent networks, so resources and information may follow different paths through these two types of organizations. Given the distinctive characteristics of dark networks, unique tools and methods are needed to understand these structures. Illuminating Dark Networks explores the state of the art in methods to study and understand dark networks.