Aos poucos, para enfrentar as necessidades de um mundo globalizado e tomado por redes de informação, o Estado brasileiro viu-se diante de uma série de fatores, em sua própria estrutura, que levou o país a criar uma estratégia, abrigando um modelo de articulação envolvendo todos os órgãos públicos em uma rede complexa, extensiva e intensiva. No livro, o autor comenta os principais passos que levaram o Estado brasileiro a acompanhar o que ocorre no espaço cibernético no país. Com uma linguagem acessível e informações preciosas e didáticas, o autor explica a evolução deste acompanhamento, partindo da sua percepção de que segurança e defesa do espaço cibernético brasileiro, até pouco tempo, não tinha um conjunto de ações e estratégias que validasse o compromisso do país com essa nova etapa de segurança das nações. O livro traz ainda as motivações de cada hacker e os mais diversos tipos de denominações para pessoas que se dedicam, de uma maneira ou de outra, a invadir soberanias institucionais. Raphael Mandarino é um dos primeiros pensadores brasileiros sobre o tema. A análise que desenvolveu neste livro é resultado de anos à frente de atividades que levaram o Brasil a ter um programa estratégico de segurança cibernética. Todo o esforço é para que as iniciativas de segurança da informação sejam uma ação integrada e não isolada.
Are our networked societies really vulnerable, as some have suggested, to a knock-out blow, perpetrated by state-sponsored hackers or terrorists? And what can be done to defend the state from this and from the encroachment of external networks that transcend its borders and breach its laws?
This Adelphi tackles the range of issues raised by our dependence on digital networks. It considers how instantaneous, global communications are challenging national and social orders and what shape those challenges may take as the net is cast ever wider. Comparing the transformations of the Information Age with those of previous generations, when new technologies and emerging transnational threats spread panic in political and strategic circles, the authors examine the real implications for states and statehood. Read more
‘In the cyber domain, policy has fallen far behind technology and operational art. By providing a conceptual framework for looking at what power is in the cyber domain and how it is exercised, this book offers policy-makers valuable guidance in how to think about a major security issue.’ Michael Hayden, Director of the CIA, 2006–09
‘Cyberspace offers a wealth of threats, benefits and opportunities for governments, business and the citizen. This book provides a stimulating contribution to the policy debate around cyber.’ Iain Lobban CB, Director, GCHQ (Government Communications Headquarters)
Brazil is a peaceful country, by tradition and conviction. It lives in peace with its neighbors. It runs its international affairs, among other things, adopting the constitutional principles of non-intervention, defense of peace and peaceful resolution of conflicts. This pacifist trait is part of the national identity, and a value that should be preserved by the Brazilian people.
Brazil – a developing country – shall rise to the first stage in the world neither promoting hegemony nor domination. The Brazilian people are not willing to exert their power on other nations. They want Brazil to grow without reigning upon others.
This is perhaps the reason why Brazil has never conducted a wide discussion about its own defense affairs throughout its history. Periodically, governments used to authorize the acquisition or production of new defense products, and introduced specific reforms in the Armed Forces. However, a national strategy of defense has never been proposed to systematically guide the reorganization and reorientation of the Armed Forces; the organization of the defense industry in order to ensure the operational autonomy of the three service branches: the Navy, the Army and the Air Force; and the policies for the composition of their troops, moreover reconsidering the Mandatory Military Service.
However, if Brazil is willing to reach its deserved spot in the world, it will have to be prepared to defend itself not only from aggressions, but equally from threats.
Intimidation overrides good faith in the world where we live. Nothing substitutes the engagement of the Brazilian people in the debate and construction of their own defense.
The 6th National Strategy of Defense guideline:
“To strengthen three strategically important sectors: cybernetics, space and nuclear. This process of strengthening will ensure the fulfillment of the concept of flexibility. As a result of their own nature, these sectors transcend the border line between development and defense, between the civilian and the military. Both space and cybernetics sectors will, together, enable that the capacity to see one’s own country do not depend on foreign technology, and that the Armed Forces, together, can network supported by a monitoring system also space-based. Brazil is committed – as per the Federal Constitution and the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons – to the strictly peaceful use of nuclear energy. However, Brazil also asserts its strategic need to develop and master nuclear technology. The country needs to ensure the balance and the versatility of its energy matrix and advance in areas such as agriculture and health, which may benefit from nuclear energy technology. And carry out, among other initiatives that require technological independence in terms of nuclear energy, the nuclear-propelled submarine project.”
Many networked computer systems are far too vulnerable to cyber attacks that can inhibit their functioning, corrupt important data, or expose private information. Not surprisingly, the field of cyber-based systems is a fertile ground where many tasks can be formulated as learning problems and approached in terms of machine learning algorithms.
This book contains original materials by leading researchers in the area and covers applications of different machine learning methods in the reliability, security, performance, and privacy issues of cyber space. It enables readers to discover what types of learning methods are at their disposal, summarizing the state-of-the-practice in this significant area, and giving a classification of existing work.
Those working in the field of cyber-based systems, including industrial managers, researchers, engineers, and graduate and senior undergraduate students will find this an indispensable guide in creating systems resistant to and tolerant of cyber attacks.
The approach is an analogy with the rise of Air Power and its Theories, as well as Air Forces, from the invention of the balloon, by priest Bartolomeu de Gusmão, to the present day, under the focus of Intelligence for military use. Examines aspects of the emergence of Air Power Theories and as in its early days the air vector was seen only as a tool for Intelligence, without any military value as stated by Marshal Foch in 1910, notably with use only for the (Aerial) Reconnaissance, replacing the cavalry and later seen as a replacement to the high spots on the ground, as the Military Doctrine of the time. In this analogy, we have uncovered a probable metric for chronology of emergent Cyber Power in function of the use of the Fifth Dimension: Cyberspace; until then only seen as a source of Intelligence, without any military value. The author leads the audience to question at what timeline point, in the use of Cyberspace, we would be: at the time of the Duque de Caxias balloons (or American Civil War) or UAV? The speaker brings to reflect the questioning of how far away we are from what could be Cyber Power Theories and Cyber Forces (the next Force among Armed Forces) and how Intelligence has and will have a key role in this evolution.