In this age of an open Internet, it is easy to forget that every American information industry, beginning with the telephone, has eventually been taken captive by some ruthless monopoly or cartel. With all our media now traveling a single network, an unprecedented potential is building for centralized control over what Americans see and hear. Could history repeat itself with the next industrial consolidation? Could the Internet—the entire flow of American information—come to be ruled by one corporate leviathan in possession of “the master switch”? That is the big question of Tim Wu’s pathbreaking book.
As Wu’s sweeping history shows, each of the new media of the twentieth century—radio, telephone, television, and film—was born free and open. Each invited unrestricted use and enterprising experiment until some would-be mogul battled his way to total domination. Here are stories of an uncommon will to power, the power over information: Adolph Zukor, who took a technology once used as commonly as YouTube is today and made it the exclusive prerogative of a kingdom called Hollywood . . . NBC’s founder, David Sarnoff, who, to save his broadcast empire from disruptive visionaries, bullied one inventor (of electronic television) into alcoholic despair and another (this one of FM radio, and his boyhood friend) into suicide . . . And foremost, Theodore Vail, founder of the Bell System, the greatest information empire of all time, and a capitalist whose faith in Soviet-style central planning set the course of every information industry thereafter.
Explaining how invention begets industry and industry begets empire—a progress often blessed by government, typically with stifling consequences for free expression and technical innovation alike—Wu identifies a time-honored pattern in the maneuvers of today’s great information powers: Apple, Google, and an eerily resurgent AT&T. A battle royal looms for the Internet’s future, and with almost every aspect of our lives now dependent on that network, this is one war we dare not tune out.
Part industrial exposé, part meditation on what freedom requires in the information age, The Master Switch is a stirring illumination of a drama that has played out over decades in the shadows of our national life and now culminates with terrifying implications for our future.
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The Internet, as well as other telecommunication networks and information systems, have become an integrated part of our daily lives, and our dependency upon their underlying infrastructure is ever-increasing. Unfortunately, as our dependency has grown, so have hostile attacks on the cyber infrastructure by network predators. The lack of security as a core element in the initial design of these information systems has made common desktop software, infrastructure services, and information networks increasingly vulnerable to continuous and innovative breakers of security. Worms, viruses, and spam are examples of attacks that cost the global economy billions of dollars in lost productivity. Sophisticated distributed denial of service (DDoS) attacks that use thousands of web robots (bots) on the Internet and telecommunications networks are on the rise. The ramifications of these attacks are clear: the potential for a devastating largescale network failure, service interruption, or the total unavailability of service. Yet many security programs are based solely on reactive measures, such as the patching of software or the detection of attacks that have already occurred, instead of proactive measures that prevent attacks in the first place. Most of the network security configurations are performed manually and require experts to monitor, tune security devices, and recover from attacks. On the other hand, attacks are getting more sophisticated and highly automated, which gives the attackers an advantage in this technology race. A key contribution of this book is that it provides an integrated view and a comprehensive framework of the various issues relating to cyber infrastructure protection. It covers not only strategy and policy issues, but it also covers social, legal, and technical aspects of cyber security as well. We strongly recommend this book for policymakers and researchers so that they may stay abreast of the latest research and develop a greater understanding of cyber security issues.
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Even though the main argument is that more times than not, the government and its various departments, are "out to get" the citizenry – are outlandish to say the least and the motto, creed, and vision that these men and women live by means absolutely nothing to them or their families; which is, against common sense and the profession that has become a second human nature in the first place. One starts out on the path to development or, what a Renaissance man/woman would call “becoming,” from an infancy and matures; this is what truly needs to be realized instead of sparse new reports that drive fear instead of the attitudes of those working to change our world for the better. It is the opinion of this report that it is the Intelligence Community's (IC) position, aspiration, and life's work to be effective in detouring, preventing, and eliminating these threats to our way of life. because of the following types of threats to our cybersecurity are clear and present and are vulnerabilities that are and will be continually addressed by the (IC) for now and all time:
Intellectual Property theft
Corporate and Nation State threats
and I will present examples of such threats to make one aware that speculation and cooperation are two aspects that need to be addressed when expecting problems of this nature; and, to be addressed by those who address them for a living; and, who care immensely for what they do and those they serve. We use a Linear equation of Vector Addition to represent what your risks are to cyber threats and hacks and present examples of some executive dangers inherent in our Information based business world.
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There have been distinct turning point moments in human history, such as when “germ theory” explained how to control many diseases, or how cholesterol levels helped to predict heart disease. The list goes on. All of these moments have one thing in common: the risk of radiation, germs, and cholesterol cannot be seen or felt. They are difficult to understand from a visceral standpoint. Businesses today are at a new turning point. Cybersecurity issues are making headlines around the world, impacting company reputations for years (such as Sony), changing the value and direction of businesses (Yahoo), and possibly influencing elections around the world.